Indus Valley Civilization
ahimsa: Ahimsa is non-violence of any form against any living being. The idea is long standing principle of Hindu scriptures and is actively followed in India.
Asoka the Great: an Indian emperor of the Maurya Dynasty who ruled almost all of the Indian subcontinent from 269 BC to 232 BC.
Buddhism: a religion of eastern and central Asia that is based on the teachings of Gautama Buddha
caste: one of the classes into which the Hindu people of India were traditionally divided
cultural diffusion: the spread of cultural items to other people and places.
dharma: The teaching or religion of the Buddha
edicts: an official order or proclamation issued by a person in authority
eightfold path: the path to nirvana, comprising eight aspects in which an aspirant must become practiced: right views, intention, speech, action, livelihood, effort, mindfulness, and concentration.
four noble truths: the four central beliefs containing the essence of Buddhist teaching.
Harappa: Harappa (Urdu/Panjabi) is an archaeological site in Punjab, northeast Pakistan, about west of Sahiwal.
Hinduism: a major religious and cultural tradition of South Asia, developed from Vedic religion.
Indus Valley: The Indus River is a major river which flows through northern India
Karma: (in Hinduism and Buddhism) the sum of a person's actions in this and previous states of existence, viewed as deciding their fate in future existences.
Maurya Dynasty: The Maurya Empire was a geographically extensive and powerful empire in ancient India, ruled by the Mauryan dynasty from 321 to 185 BC.
Mohenjo-daro: one of the largest city-settlements of the Indus Valley Civilization of ancient India situated in the Larkana District of Sindh in modern-day Pakistan.
planned cities: Cities that were planned by a group of people
plumbing: the system of pipes, tanks, fittings, and other apparatus required for the water supply, heating, and sanitation in a building.
polytheism: the belief in or worship of more than one god.
reincarnation: the rebirth of a soul in a new body.
sanskrit: an ancient Indic language of India, in which the Hindu scriptures and classical Indian epic poems are written and from which many northern Indian languages are derived.
tolerance: the ability or willingness to tolerate something, in particular the existence of opinions or behavior that one does not necessarily agree with.
trade: the action of buying and selling goods and services.
upanishads: each of a series of Hindu sacred treatises written in Sanskrit
c. 800–200 BC, expounding the Vedas in predominantly mystical and monistic terms.
wells: a shaft sunk into the ground to obtain water, oil, or gas.
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Ancient Indus Civilization