acropolis: a citadel or fortified part of an ancient Greek city, typically built on a hill.
agora: a public open space used for assemblies and markets
Alexander the Great: king of Macedon; conqueror of Greece and Egypt and Persia; founder of Alexandria (356-323 BC)
Aphrodite: goddess of love and beauty and daughter of Zeus in ancient mythology; identified with Roman Venus
Apollo: The god of prophecy, music, medicine, and poetry, sometimes identified with the sun.
Ares: the god of war, born of Zeus and Hera Roman counterpart Mars
Aristotle: Greek philosopher. A pupil of Plato, the tutor of Alexander the Great, and the author of works on logic, metaphysics, ethics, natural sciences, politics, and poetics, he profoundly influenced Western thought. In his philosophical system, which led him to criticize what he saw as Plato's metaphysical excesses, theory follows empirical observation and logic, based on the syllogism, is the essential method of rational inquiry.
Artemis: The virgin goddess of the hunt and the moon and twin sister of Apollo.
Athena: The goddess of wisdom, the practical arts, and warfare, and the protectress of cities, especially Athens.
barbarians: A member of a people considered by those of another nation or group to have a primitive civilization.
Cerberus: A three-headed dog guarding the entrance to Hades.
city-state: A sovereign state consisting of an independent city and its surrounding territory.
democracy: Government by the people, exercised either directly or through elected representatives.
Dionysus: The god of wine and of an orgiastic religion celebrating the power and fertility of nature. Also called Bacchus.
epic poem: a long narrative poem telling of a hero's deeds
fresco: The art of painting on fresh, moist plaster with pigments dissolved in water.
Hades: The god of the netherworld and dispenser of earthly riches.
helots: One of a class of serfs in ancient Sparta, neither a slave nor a free citizen.
Hephaestus: The god of fire and metalworking.
Hera: The goddess of women, marriage, and childbirth; the wife and sister of Zeus.
Hercules: he son of Zeus and Alcmene, a hero of extraordinary strength who won immortality by performing 12 labors demanded by the Argive king Eurystheus.
Hermes: The god of commerce, invention, cunning, and theft, who also served as messenger, scribe, and herald for the other gods.
Homer: Greek epic poet. Two of the greatest works in Western literature, the Iliad and the Odyssey, are attributed to him.
Minoan: Of or relating to the advanced Bronze Age culture that flourished in Crete from about 3000 to 1100 b.c.e.
monarchy: A state ruled or headed by a monarch.
Odysseus: The king of Ithaca, a leader of the Greeks in the Trojan War, who reached home after ten years of wandering.
oligarchy: Government by a few, especially by a small faction of persons or families.
Olympics: A Pan-Hellenic festival in ancient Greece consisting of athletic games and contests of choral poetry and dance, first celebrated in 776 b.c. and held periodically until a.d. 393 on the plain of Olympia in honor of the Olympian Zeus.
oracle: A shrine consecrated to the worship and consultation of a prophetic deity, as that of Apollo at Delphi.
ostracism: In Athens and other cities of ancient Greece, the temporary banishment by popular vote of a citizen considered dangerous to the state.
Pan: The god of woods, fields, and flocks, having a human torso and head with a goat's legs, horns, and ears.
pantheon: All the gods of a people considered as a group: Jupiter is head of the Roman pantheon.
Parthenon: The chief temple of the goddess Athena built on the acropolis at Athens between 447 and 432 b.c. and considered a supreme example of Doric architecture.
Pegasus: A winged horse that with a stroke of his hoof caused the fountain Hippocrene to spring forth from Mount Helicon.
Peloponnesus: A peninsula forming the southern part of Greece south of the Gulf of Corinth. It was dominated by Sparta until the fourth century b.c..
Pericles: Athenian leader noted for advancing democracy in Athens and for ordering the construction of the Parthenon.
Persian Wars: series of conflicts fought between Greek states and the Persian Empire
phalanx: ancient Greek formation of infantry. The soldiers were arrayed in rows (8 or 16), with arms at the ready, making a solid block that could sweep bristling through the more dispersed ranks of the enemy.
philosophy: study of the ultimate reality, causes, and principles underlying being and thinking
Plato: Greek philosopher. Plato's teachings have been among the most influential in the history of Western civilization.
polis: In ancient Greece, an independent city and its surrounding region under a unified government
Poseidon: Greek religion and mythology, god of the sea, protector of all waters.
Sophocles: one of the great tragedians of ancient Greece (496-406 BC)
Sparta: an ancient Greek city famous for military prowess; the dominant city of the Peloponnese prior to the 4th century BC
Statue of Zeus at Olympia: The Statue of Zeus at Olympia was a giant seated figure, about 13 m tall, made by the Greek sculptor Phidias in circa 435 BC at the sanctuary of Olympia, Greece, and erected in the Temple of Zeus there.
Temple of Artemis at Ephesus: The Temple of Artemis, also known less precisely as the Temple of Diana, was a Greek temple dedicated to the goddess Artemis and was one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World. It was located in Ephesus, and was completely rebuilt three times before its eventual destruction in 401.
The Muses: each of nine goddesses, the daughters of Zeus and Mnemosyne, who preside over the arts and sciences.
trireme: an ancient Greek or Roman war galley with three banks of oars.
tyrant: a cruel and oppressive ruler.
Zeus: the supreme god of ancient Greek mythology. Son of Rhea and Cronus whom he dethroned. Husband and brother of Hera; brother of Poseidon and Hades; father of many gods. Known to the Romans as Jupiter.
Ancient GReek Webquest
In your city-states you will be answering as many questions as you can on your web-quest. You can you any resources to answer the questions, but all answers are found somewhere on Mythology Teacher. Good Luck, Have Fun, and may the odds ever be in your favor!
Link to web-quest: http://mrblacksgreekolympics.weebly.com/
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Theoi Greek Mythology
Voyage Back in Time
Primary History Ancient Greece
Ducksters Ancient Greece
Crystal Links Greece
Government of athens and the united states
Mankind Intro to Democracy
Democracy in Ancient Athens
Relationships between governments
Democracy then and now
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